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MBA英語(yǔ)二閱讀理解九個(gè)答題技巧

2023-08-24 13:07 | 太奇MBA網(wǎng)

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MBA英語(yǔ)二考試中閱讀理解的分數占比較高。閱讀理解的考察大到篇章,小到標點(diǎn)符號,所以我們要掌握各個(gè)細節,只有知己知彼方能百戰不殆。
 
1、逗號(comma)
 
用于分割并列成分??佳兄攸c(diǎn):兩個(gè)逗號之間,或者一個(gè)逗號之后,如果是補充說(shuō)明成分時(shí),跳過(guò)不看。
 
Eg:Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.
 
 
2、句號(period/fullstop)
 
①用于陳述句,表示一個(gè)句子的結束,起分割切分句子作用。
②用于某些縮略詞之后,比如Mr.、Ms.、etc.等等。如果句號作為簡(jiǎn)寫(xiě)符號使用,那么這個(gè)詞語(yǔ)簡(jiǎn)寫(xiě)前后面的符號應該照常寫(xiě)上,因為簡(jiǎn)寫(xiě)號并非句號,也不遵循句號的語(yǔ)法。比如Entreprise Co,Ltd或者I invited Tom,Jerry,etc..(注意兩個(gè)點(diǎn))。
③用作小數點(diǎn)。
 
3、問(wèn)號(question mark)
 
考研英語(yǔ)閱讀文章中的問(wèn)號一般都是設問(wèn)的功能,只問(wèn)不答,答案不言自明。
 
Eg:考研難道沒(méi)有價(jià)值嗎?另外,如果開(kāi)篇就是問(wèn)句,那么則屬于問(wèn)題答案型文章,對問(wèn)題的回答就是全文主旨。
 
 
4、冒號(colon)
 
冒號前后是從抽象到具體的過(guò)程,后面進(jìn)一步補充說(shuō)明前面的內容。
 
Eg:1997 passage3 Q2
60.The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean________.
[A]widespread
[B]overwhelming
[C]piercing
[D]fashionable
 
5、 分號(semi-colon)
 
前后是并列關(guān)系,包括結構上并列和語(yǔ)義上的并列。
 
Eg:For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)
 
 
6、引號(quotationmarks)
 
①引用 ;
②強調 ;
③諷刺。
Eg:“Scientific” creationism, which is being pushed by some for “equal time” in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science.
 
 
7、括號(parentheses)
 
①解釋說(shuō)明生詞。
②補充說(shuō)明。
 
Eg:Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)
 
 
8、破折號(dash)
 
①一個(gè)破折號后面起補充說(shuō)明或評價(jià)判斷。
 
Eg:I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all.“This book stands for reason itself.” And so it does — and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.
 
②兩破折號之間其補充說(shuō)明,可先跳過(guò)不看。
 
Eg:In Australia—where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia.
 
 
9、省略號(ellipsis)
 
①英文中的省略號的作用和漢語(yǔ)是一樣的。當省略號在句尾并且有下文時(shí),應該打四個(gè)點(diǎn),最后一個(gè)為句號。
 
Eg:And it flew further,and further,and further....Jorge smiled and turned back.
 
②當省略號在句尾并作為語(yǔ)氣延長(cháng)的作用時(shí),應使用修辭前的標點(diǎn)Eg:Do you love me...?其余情況下使用三個(gè)點(diǎn)。
 
Eg:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town,please send...more...
 
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